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The Ladies' Knitting & Netting Book:

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  • A turn means two rows.

  • To turn means to change from plain to purled stitches, or the reverse.

  • A ridge is formed by two rows when knitting with only two pins.

  • A loop stitch is formed by passing the thread before the needle, and, in knitting the next stitch, letting it take its usual place.

  • To increase in knitting a Quilt, care should always be taken to increase by knitting twice through the last stitch, which is done by knitting a stitch, and then, without taking out the needle, knitting a second at the back.

  • To fasten on in knitting. It is a secure fastening to lay the two ends contrary-wise to each other, and knit a few stitches with them both.

  • To narrow or decrease is to make small, to lessen, as in shaping a stocking.

  • Ribbed stitch, purl stitch, turned, or seam stitch, are all terms having the same meaning. A[121] turned stitch is made by bringing the cotton before the needle, and instead of putting the needle over the upper cotton, it is put under.

  • To slip, take off, or pass a stitch, is to change it from one needle to another without knitting it.

  • To take under, means to pass the right hand needle through the stitch on the left hand one, so as still to keep the same side of the stitch towards you.

  • Welts are the rounds of ribbed stitches done at the top of stockings, to prevent their rolling up.

  • Cast off means to end your work in the following manner: knit 2 stitches, pass the first over the second, and continue the same until you have but one left, which is finished by passing your cotton through it.

  • To decrease is to lessen the number of stitches by knitting 2 taken together.

  • To increase, or make a double stitch, is to knit one stitch in the usual way, then, without slipping out the left hand needle, to pass the thread forward and knit a second stitch,[122] putting the needle under the stitch. The thread must be put back when the stitch is finished.

  • Hang on, means cast on.

  • Bring the thread forward, means to pass it between the needles towards you.

  • Cast over is a term I believe sometimes used by knitters, to signify, bring the cotton forward. I have only used it to express, bring the cotton over the needle, quite round.

  • Round the needle, means the same as the last term.

  • Reversed, means quite round the needle, the cotton being passed over the needle, and then carried back to its place.

  • Together, means knit 2 stitches in 1.

  • Set, or Tuft, the bunches of cotton used in making some of the Fringes.

  • To widen means to increase.

  • The netting meshes are numbered from the knitting needle gauge, as I am not aware there is any other rule for them.

  • Double knitting. Begin with the wool forward, slip a stitch, pass the wool back, knit a stitch, continue to repeat these 2 stitches. Double knitting cannot be done round.

  • To Increase and Decrease in Double Knitting


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