has been given to present these instructions in the original form.
is not responsible for errors.
The art of embroidering with cotton on linen, muslin, cambric,
piqué, &c.c., is very easy to learn by strictly
attending to the following instructions.
The size of the thread and needle must correspond to that of the
material on which you embroider; the needle must not be too long,
and the cotton must be soft. Messrs. Walter Evans and Co.'s
embroidery cotton is the best. Skilful embroiderers never work over
anything, because when you tack the material on paper or cloth each
stitch shows, and if the material is very fine, leaves small holes;
but for those that are learning we should advise them to tack the
material to be embroidered upon a piece of toile
cirée. If you work without this, place the material
straight over the forefinger of the left hand; the material must
never be held slantways. The three other fingers of the left hand
hold the work; the thumb remains free to give the right position to
each stitch. The work must always, if possible, lie so that the
outline of the pattern is turned towards the person who works. For
the sake of greater clearness one part of the following
illustrations is given in larger size than nature. Preparing the
patterns is one of the most important things in embroidery, for the
shape of the patterns is often spoiled merely because they have not
been prepared with sufficient care.
Embroidery, properly speaking, includes every sort of ornamental work
done with a sewing needle of any kind; but in its popular acceptation,
it applies only to the ornamentation of any article by the eye, or from
drawn or marked patterns—whatever may be the material, or combination of
materials employed; Berlin or canvas work, on the contrary, is the usual
designation of all kinds of embroidery on canvas, done by counting
threads, and frequently by the aid of a painting on checked paper.
1859. Distinction in Embroidered Work
Although these two different sorts of work are really equally entitled
to the designation of embroidery, yet for the sake of making our
hints as intelligible as possible, we will adopt the popular terms, and
confine our present remarks to that sort of embroidery which is not
executed by the stitch.
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